Australia's disaster risk reduction activities
In July 2012, the Australian Government announced Australia will contribute $100 million over five years to help developing countries reduce their vulnerability to natural disasters.
Australia’s aid expenditure on DRR has grown considerably in recent years. Activities funded by Australia aim to build capacity in areas such as: early warning, hazard and risk mapping; response planning at national, provincial and community levels; livelihood diversification and disaster-resilient infrastructure.
To strengthen Indonesia’s capacity to reduce disaster risks, Australia is providing support to a range of DRR activities through bilateral programs. Through the Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR), for example, Indonesian and Australian scientists, with the World Bank, are pioneering new approaches to understanding what impact floods, earthquakes and tsunamis have in Indonesia. These approaches include the development of a comprehensive, free and open source software package that produces realistic natural hazard disaster scenarios for better planning, risk reduction and preparedness.
In the Philippines, Australia funded and provided policy support to an aerial survey of metro Manila to generate a three-dimensional geo-hazard map of the city, which will more accurately model the effects of hazards in terms of human casualties, damages to homes and critical infrastructure. The Building the Resilience and Awareness of Metro Manila Communities to Natural Disaster and Climate Change Impacts (BRACE) Program helps reduce the vulnerability of urban poor families to natural disasters. Several agencies were supported in completing multi-hazard assessments and maps for 27 provinces identified as most vulnerable to multiple hazards.
Internationally, Australia has strong partnerships with the main global players in DRR, the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) and the World Bank’s Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). Australia co-chairs (with Indonesia, Peru and Norway) the Group of Friends on Disaster Risk Reduction in New York, which successfully negotiated for strong commitments to disaster risk reduction at the International Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June 2012.