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Mine action

 

heading foldHow we are helping

Our Funding for 2012/13

$15.7 million

Sectoral and thematic information will be updated following the release of Australia’s new development policy, which will set out how Australia’s aid programme will be re-shaped to more effectively promote economic growth and reduce poverty. These new policy directions will be underpinned by a set of performance benchmarks that will improve aid programme performance, value for money and results.

 

The Mine Action Strategy for the Australia Aid Program 2010 to 2014 guides Australia’s international engagement in mine action. Under the strategy, Australia has committed $100 million to work towards a world free from landmines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war. Australia’s mine action support aims to reduce the threat and socioeconomic impact of these weapons. Australia will do this by supporting land clearance, risk education, victim assistance, research and advocacy.

More about the Mine Action Strategy

Mid-term review of the Mine Action Strategy

More about mine action in the following countries:

Afghanistan | Cambodia | Sri Lanka | Laos

 

Humanitarian

See our initiatives

Global mine action

Attendees of the mine action Bangkok symposium
Australia playing an active part in the Bangkok Symposium.jpg

Australia’s mine action support is primarily provided through its bilateral program. See Australia’s programs in Africa, Afghanistan, Cambodia, Laos, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Sri Lanka to review results of mine action in these countries. Australia’s mine action funding has contributed to the following achievements of global mine action.

Long term results

  • A reduction in the annual number of deaths from over 20,000 annually in 1997 at the commencement of the Mine Ban Convention to 4,197 in 2010.
  • 18 states have cleared all known minefields from their territory.
  • 86 states have completed the destruction of their stockpiles, collectively destroying over 45 million stockpiled antipersonnel mines.
  • Since 1999, at least 1,300km2 of mined areas and a further 2,460 km2 of battle areas have been cleared in more than 90 states and other areas.

Results 2011–2012

Attendees of the mine action Bangkok symposium Bangkok symposium for the Mine Ban Treaty
  • Helped Guinea Bissau complete the clearance of all known landmines and declare itself mine free on 1 February 2012.
  • Provided a contribution to enable Uganda become mine free by August 2012.
  • Provided emergency mine clearance and mine risk education reaching over 20 000 people in Libya following the 2011 civil uprising.
  • Produced a victim assistance guidebook titled 'Assisting Landmine and other ERW Survivors in the Context of Disarmament, Disability and Development'.
  • Enabled clearance of unexploded ordnance in the immediate vicinity of Kinsasha airport, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Supported the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Special Fund for the Disabled, which contributed to:  
    • strengthening of 59 physical rehabilitation centres in 27 countries across Africa, Asia, Latin America and Central Asia
    • provision of 272 prostheses, 369 pairs of crutches, 243 orthoses and 6 wheelchairs
    • rehabilitation of 321 people worldwide in the second quarter of 2011
    • training for technicians, and 26 technical support/monitoring visits to 24 centres.

Commitments 2012–2013

  • Rehabilitation and prosthesis services for victim through the ICRC.
  • Universalisation and advocacy of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention and the Convention on Cluster Munitions through the International Campaign to Ban Landmines and the Cluster Munition Coalition.
  • Coordination of mine action through the United Nations Mine Action Service.
  • Victim assistance and universalisation through the Implementation Support Unit of the Anti- Personnel Mine Ban Convention.
  • Research including on land release and gender and mine action through the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining.
  • Evaluation of mine action through the Mines Advisory Group.
  • Promotion of the humanitarian norms of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention amongst non state actors through Geneva Call.

Aid program funding to mine action

Estimated mine action funding 2011–12 by sector

Graph of Australian funding by sector 

The graph above shows estimated mine action funding by sector
2011–12.

The exact figures are:

Clearance and mine risk education—$16,518,982
Victim assistance—$6,050,992
Universalisation, research, advocacy and integrated mine action—$2,121,235
Total—24,691,210

Total aid program funding to mine action

Graph of Australian funding for mine action 2005-06 to 2011-12 

The graph above shows total aid program funding to mine action
2005–6 to 2011–12.

 

Research overview

Good research can lead to positive change for the world’s poorest by enhancing the design and implementation of development policies and programs. That’s why Australia is committed to an innovative research portfolio and funds research, including through:

  • competitive funding mechanisms (such as the Australian Development Research Awards)
  • research partnerships with different Australian, international and developing country research institutions
  • commissioning research to address a specific question or clearly defined research gap, and
  • one-off research grants, when an existing program of research is relevant to the Australian aid program.

More information on how Australian aid funds research

Research into trends and developments in mine action is vital for assessing progress and guiding future approaches and priorities. Australia supports the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) to undertake applied research in mine action. Australia also supports the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) and the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) to provide research and monitoring on landmines and cluster munitions.

Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining

publication cover

Assisting Landmine and other ERW Survivors in the Context of Disarmament, Disability and Development was produced with Australian support. The cover shows gait training for amputees at the ICRC Orthopaedic Centre in Kabul, Afghanistan. Cover photo: Sheree Bailey, Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention

The Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) is an international expert organisation that works for the elimination of mines, explosive remnants of war and other explosive hazards. The GICHD provides advice and capacity building support, undertakes applied research, disseminates knowledge and best practices and develops standards. It supports countries to plan, coordinate, implement, monitor and evaluation mine action programs and to implement relevant instruments of humanitarian law. Australia is supporting the GICHD to undertake Mine Action Research and Evaluation. Australia’s support is enabling the GICHD to undertake priority mine action research including in land release, international mine action standards, mine action contracting, liability and insurance workshops, victim assistance in the context of disarmament, disability and development and metal detector technology.

More information about the GICHD (external website)

Landmine and Cluster Munition monitors

Australia supports the Cluster Munition Coalition and the International Campaign to Ban Landmines to provide research and monitoring on landmines and cluster munitions. The research is disseminated through annual publications of the Landmine and Cluster Munitions Monitor. The publications cover developments in mine ban policy, use production, trade, stockpiling and also includes information and trends in contamination, clearance, victim assistance and support for mine action.

More information on the Landmine and Cluster Munitions monitors

Below left: 2011 edition of the Landmine Monitor showing how a woman’s journey to gather forest products in the Democratic Republic of the Congo takes her along a safe path recently cleared of mines while clearance continues in the surrounding areas. Cover photo: Gwenn Dubourthoumieu, UNMACC

Below right: 2011 Edition of the Cluster Munition Monitor showing two cluster submunitions which hit the home of a Libyan businessman in April 2011. Cover photo: Andre’ Liohn, Human Rights Watch

Report cover     Report cover

Statistics

Casualties

Number of casualties from landmines (globally in 2010) 4,191
Number of casualties from cluster munitions (globally in 2010) 60

Contamination

Number of states affected by landmines 72
Number of states and areas contaminated by cluster munitions and other unexploded submunitions 31
Number of governments suspect of laying antipersonnel mines in 2010/11 3
Number of countries in which non-state armed groups have been confirmed to be laying antipersonnel mines 4
Number of countries in which antipersonnel mines are being produced 12

Clearance

Amount of mined land cleared worldwide in 2010 200km2
Number of antipersonnel mines destroyed in 2010 388,000
Number of antivehicle mines destroyed in 2010 27,000
Number of unexploded ordnance cleared in 2010 1,200,000
Number of cluster munitions destroyed in 2010 589,737

Support for mine action

Amount donors and affected states spent on international and national support for mine action $637,000,000
Amount donors spent on victim assistance worldwide in 2010 $43,600,000
Number of countries who have joined the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention 157
Number of countries who have joined the Convention on Cluster Munitions 109

Data sources: Landmine Monitor Report 2011, Cluster Munition Monitor 2011

 
 

heading foldWhy we give aid

quote

Landmines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war remain serious obstacles to sustainable development in many of the world's poorest countries. They contaminate more than 70 countries and kill and injure more than 4000 people per year. They bring devastating social and economic impacts—during and after conflict. They deprive people of agricultural land and essential services. In heavily affected developing countries, they undermine achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.

Find out more about why we give aid to mine action

 
 

heading foldHow we give aid

Australia’s mine action assistance is delivered primarily through bilateral country programs, targeting mine action priorities identified by partner governments. Australia’s assistance seeks to build capacity of the national mine action authority. Australia’s assistance is also delivered through the work of multilateral bodies, such as the United Nations and through Australian and international non-government organisations engaged in mine action at country, regional and international levels.

Find out more about how we give aid to mine action

 
 

heading foldProgress Against MDGs

The Mine Action sector does not report contributions against specific Millennium Development Goals. However, Afghanistan, Cambodia and Laos have developed a ninth millennium development goal of relevance to mine action. Australia’s mine action support is making a significant contribution to the achievement of the following Millennium Development Goals.

Afghanistan—MDG 9 Enhance Security. Goals include: All emplaced antipersonnel mines destroyed by 2013; all other explosive contaminants destroyed by 2015; all stockpiled antipersonnel mines destroyed by 2007; all other abandoned or unwanted explosive stocks destroyed by 2020.

Cambodia—MDG 9 Demining, UXO and victim assistance

Laos—MDG 9 Reduce the Impact of UXO in Laos in accordance with the National Strategic Plan for the UXO sector 'The Safe Path Forward II'

More information on Afghanistan, Cambodia and Laos.

 
 

Last reviewed: 16 May, 2014