Research funded by Australian Aid specifically targets Timor-Leste’s development challenges. Some highlights
of this research are listed below.
Violence Against Women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on Global and Regional Promising Approaches
Violence Against Women in Melanesia and East
Timor: Building on Global and Regional Promising
Australia undertook a study to assess the effectiveness of methods currently used to address violence
against women and girls in five of Australia’s
neighbouring countries: Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Timor-Leste.
More than 700 individuals and representatives of government, non-government organisations (NGOs) and
international organisations were involved, together
with experts determined to push for change in each country.
The result is a package of reports that outlines the perspectives and hopes of a broad spectrum of
Melanesian and Timorese society. They also consider
approaches used locally and internationally to recommend a framework for action to address violence against
women in the region. The framework is based on
- Increasing women’s access to justice
- Increasing women’s access to support services
- Prevention of violence.
Health seeking behaviour in East Timor
East Timor health care seeking behaviour
Low rates of use of public health services present a major challenge to improving population health in East
Timor. The 2009 Health Care Seeking Behaviour
Study was designed to improve understanding of the underlying causes of low use, particularly in rural areas,
and to provide an evidence base for future
health policy, planning and programs.
This study provided new and detailed information about health care practices in all 13 districts of East
Timor. It provided insights into decision-making
and action in rural communities, including around choice of provider or services. The study also gathered rich
qualitative data in relation to three key
scenarios: a child with diarrhoea, a difficult birth, and birth spacing. The study also recorded user and
Disability and rural water, sanitation and hygiene in Timor-Leste
Disability and rural water, sanitation and
hygiene in Timor-Leste
This 2010 study investigated the experiences of people with disabilities in rural Timor-Leste regarding
access to water and sanitation facilities. The
research summarised existing disability data, documented personal stories, and examined ways of enabling
stakeholders to reflect on the needs, and inclusion,
of people with disabilities.
Data on disability in Timor-Leste was fairly scant at the time of the study, but disability was seen to
influence access to education and employment,
relationships, transport and basic activities of daily living – bathing, toileting, cooking, eating, dressing,
washing clothes and cleaning.
Recommendations covered the promotion of inclusive programs, the importance of education about
disability, the necessity for consultation and
partnership, the priority of access for all, and understanding about disability hygiene and the importance of
access to water for women.
Timor-Leste – Water and Sanitation Sector Financial Management Analysis
Water and Sanitation Sector Financial Management
Through the Bee, Saneamentu no Igene Komunidade (BESIK) program, Australia provides funding to the
Government of Timor-Leste’s budget allocations to water
supply, sanitation and personal hygiene, including in rural areas.
This paper presents findings of an initial analysis of the impacts of public financial management (PFM)
systems on the delivery of water and sanitation
services to rural areas in Timor-Leste.
The paper identifies PFM-related bottlenecks at three levels: Government-wide; inter-agency; and within the
Ministry of Infrastructure and Ministry of
Health. It considers action to address bottlenecks.