Good research can lead to positive change for the world’s poorest by enhancing the
design and implementation of development policies and programs. That’s why Australian Aid
is committed to an innovative research portfolio and funds research, including through:
- competitive funding mechanisms (such as the Australian Development Research Awards)
- research partnerships with Australian, international and developing country research
- commissioning research to address a specific question or clearly defined research
- one-off research grants, when an existing program of research is relevant to the
Australian aid program.
More information on how we fund research
Some of the recent highlights of this research on Vietnam development issues are listed below.
Economic Research on trade facilitation in the Mekong
Australia is supporting infrastructure initiatives to improve economic growth and
poverty reduction in the Mekong.
Photo: Jim Holmes/Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Published: August 2010.
Australian funding to infrastructure projects in Vietnam are part of a greater Mekong
connectivity initiative to improve local people’s access to markets through infrastructure
and trade reform.
In 2010, Australia commissioned the Centre for International
Economics [external link] to produce a report on the economic benefits of increased trade and transport facilitation
in the Greater Mekong Subregion to reinforce the economic case for Australia’s investments
in these areas.
The report presents evidence to suggest that integration is playing an important role in the dynamic performance of the subregion, but that there is scope to expand this role by further reducing the costs of cross-border trade and transport. In most countries there is considerable room for improvement in trade and transport facilitation, and feasible changes could yield significant increases in national incomes. The evidence suggests that complementing infrastructure investments with procedural reforms to reduce costs and delays of cross-border trade could bring about sizeable economic benefits.
Held since 1990, the Vietnam Update is a series of annual conferences that focus on recent economic, political and social conditions in Vietnam and provide in-depth analysis into a select theme of particular relevance to Vietnam's socio-economic development.
The conferences feature Vietnamese and non-Vietnamese professionals presenting the results of research on recent developments and timely issues in Vietnam.
Each year the conference includes presentations on political and economic developments over the past year as well as papers that address the conference theme. Update themes in previous years have been: Vietnam's renovation policies, state/society relations, civil society, rural development, foreign investment, urbanisation, the media, development organisations, local governance, international relations, social inequality, religion, ethnic minorities, labour, education and migration.
Partners [external website]
This report documents the Vietnam Update Conference held 17–18 November 2011. The Conference, ‘The Environment: Change, Challenges and Contestations’, featured presentations from academics, PhD students and Vietnamese NGO workers. The Conference brought together Australian, Vietnamese and international participants.
Meeting the needs of women who inject drugs in Vietnam
As part of the Australian Development Research Awards, Australia is supporting the Nossal Institute for Global Health to undertake a collaborative investigation of the HIV-related risks, service needs and preferences of women who inject drugs in Vietnam.
The research will help to identify practical models to meet the needs of female injecting drug users by documenting their risks to HIV infection and transmission.
A number of reports, factsheets and briefs related to the grant can be found on the Nossal Institute for Global Health [external link] website.
Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in Vietnam
The report identifies that women and girls in Vietnam, especially among ethnic minority groups, are considerably disadvantaged in terms of the nature and quality of opportunities and resources available to them.
Photo: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Published: October 2010
Vietnam has experienced growing policy momentum around social protection issues, motivated by a concern to reduce poverty and vulnerability. This is emphasised in the country's national development plans.
The focus of this Overseas Development Institute (ODI) [external link] report is the Government of Vietnam's flagship social protection program – the National Targeted Programme for Poverty Reduction.
The case study analyses the extent to which gender-specific economic and social risks, including food security, inform the national program’s design and implementation, with the aim of informing ongoing initiatives to strengthen social protection effectiveness.
The case study was undertaken as part of a larger research project [external link] funded by the UK Department for International Development and Australian Aid, under the Australian Development Research Awards, looking at gender and social protection effectiveness in Latin America, Sub Saharan Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Climate Change vulnerability in the Mekong Delta
Mangrove planting is one adaptation strategy used by communities in Vietnam against
Photo: Michael Wightman/Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Published: August 2010.
The Mekong Delta has been identified as one of the global hot spots for climate change. In response, Australia is working with countries to mitigate and adapt to
the impacts of climate change, with a focus on Vietnam.
In 2010, Australia funded the CSIRO to work with the Mekong River Commission to
produce a technical study on the likely impacts of climate change on water and food
security in the lower Mekong basin. The study applies a number of scenarios to predict
changes in rainfall and water flow and analyses the impacts of these changes on
agriculture and aquaculture systems. The study also identifies potential adaptation
strategies to reduce vulnerabilities for local populations.
Climate change vulnerability in the Mekong Delta
ADB: Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study in Mekong Delta
Australia has combined funds with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to conduct research on climate impacts and adaptation in Ca Mau and Kien Giang provinces in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta region. Part A of the research ‘Climate Change Vulnerability and Risk Assessment Study for Ca Mau and Kien Giang Provinces, Vietnam’ presents three key outputs:
- an identification of future climate conditions in the Mekong Delta region
- an assessment of the effects of future climate scenarios on natural, social, and economic systems in the Mekong Delta region
- a baseline analysis of existing climate change capacity within the Government.
The study provides practical measures that provincial and district administrations can take to inform and strengthen their programs. Importantly, it addresses factors which may constrain or limit collaborative action between communities, leaders, experts and development partners and identifies themes and strategies for follow up work to be completed in Part B of the Project.
Read the main report and climate atlas for each province [ADB website]
Crafting sustainability: addressing water pollution in Vietnam’s craft villages
The Australian Development Research Assistance Grant Scheme funds the Australian National University to work with a key policy research agency in Vietnam to investigate how community-based approaches to water pollution in Vietnamese craft villages can successfully secure economic, social and environmentally sustainable water management.
Crafting sustainability: addressing water pollution in Vietnam’s craft villages [ANU website]