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Kiribati

Overview of Australia’s aid program to Kiribati

2013/14 Estimated Outcome: $32.2 million

2014/15 Budget Estimate: $26.9 million

Australia's aid to Kiribati focuses on strengthening economic and human development. Australia and Kiribati signed the Kiribati–Australia Partnership for Development in 2009. The Partnership establishes the shared vision of the Governments of Australia and Kiribati to work together to meet common challenges and to promote prosperity for the people of Kiribati. The Partnership seeks to advance Kiribati’s development vision as articulated in the Kiribati Development Plan 2012-2015, focusing on improving the lives of Kiribati's main assets—its people—through further development of the economy and their capabilities.

Kiribati faces significant development challenges with high child mortality, limited access to arable land and fresh water, vulnerability to storm surges and rising sea levels, high population density on Tarawa (where 50 per cent of the population lives), high unemployment, and limited opportunities for economic growth.

The priority outcomes for the Kiribati–Australia Partnership for Development are:

Improved growth and economic management

Australia is supporting mutually agreed Kiribati-led economic reforms that enhance public financial management and increase government revenues.

Improving growth and economic management in Kiribati

Workforce skills development

Australia is providing opportunities for people to develop internationally-recognised workforce skills in areas of industry demand, both domestically and abroad.

Workforce skills development in Kiribati

Improved infrastructure services

Australia is providing assistance to increase access to telecommunications and sanitation services and improve the main road. This priority was added to the Partnership agreement in 2012.

Improving infrastructure services in Kiribati

Improved basic education

Australia is supporting efforts to improve standards in basic education, with a focus on improving the functional literacy and numeracy of primary school children.

Australia also provides bilateral and regional assistance to climate change, health, disability, gender and fisheries.

Improving basic education in Kiribati

Our results

  • Australia has provided support for the Government of Kiribati’s economic reforms, including the introduction in 2014 of a Value Added Tax which will increase the revenue base.
  • Since 2011, Australia has supported the rehabilitation of school facilities for 1500 I-Kiribati primary school children, and expanded access to water and sanitation facilities for a further 2,943 school children and teachers. Australia has also supported the successful implementation of a new curriculum for years 1 and 2, the development of a new year 3 curriculum, and professional development for teachers and school leaders.
  • Australia has helped more children with a disability access quality education services at the Kiribati School and Centre for Children with Special Needs (increasing enrolment from 80 in 2010 to 137 in 2014).
  • Since 2007, Australia has awarded 334 scholarships to I-Kiribati women and men to study at tertiary institutions in Australia and the Pacific. In 2013, Australia awarded 81 scholarships for vocational training at the Australia Pacific Technical College.
  • Australia supported the construction of the Betio Maternity Ward (opened in 2014), which will ease congestion at the main hospital and provide pre and post natal care for up to 2,500 women annually in South Tarawa.

Related documents

Improving basic education in Kiribati

Overview

Improving basic education in Kiribati will ensure all children acquire literacy and numeracy in both Te-Kiribati and English needed to connect with secondary education and productive livelihoods. Australia is working with the Government of Kiribati to ensure primary schools have safe and healthy learning environments, adequate resources, a modern curriculum and professional teachers. The goal is for all school-aged children to achieve functional literacy and numeracy after six years of basic education.

Read the Kiribati implementation schedule for basic education

Read the Kiribati Ministry of Education Sector Strategic Plan 2012-2015

Related initiatives

Kiribati Education Improvement Program

$43 million (phases I and II), 2011-2019

The Kiribati Education Improvement Program (KEIP) is the key vehicle through which Australia supports the implementation of the Kiribati Education Sector Strategic Plan and its goal of improving the quality of education provided in I-Kiribati schools. The goal of the KEIP is that, by 2020, all Kiribati children achieve functional literacy and numeracy after six years of basic education. The focus is on access to and quality of schooling. A second strand is focused on improving governance and management of the education system. KEIP started in 2011 and is currently in phase II. Phase III is planned to commence in 2016.

Related documents*
Name of document Year published Type
Kiribati Education Improvement Program Phase I Design Document 2010 Design document

Improving growth and economic management in Kiribati

Overview

Australia is supporting mutually agreed Kiribati-led economic reforms that will enhance public financial management and increase government revenues. This includes support for:

  • strengthening expenditure control to reflect better planning and financial discipline
  • increasing revenue through an expanded revenue base and improved compliance, including through fishing revenues
  • improving state-owned enterprise oversight, management, service delivery and reduced costs
  • improved aid effectiveness and alignment.

Read the Kiribati implementation schedule for growth and economic management

Improving infrastructure services in Kiribati

Overview

Poor infrastructure is a key inhibitor to economic growth in Kiribati. Australia is working with the Government of Kiribati and multilateral development banks to improve infrastructure services in Kiribati. Our support includes improving access to telecommunications, increasing access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene services, providing affordable energy options for households, improving the main road, protecting economic infrastructure and livelihoods through improving seawalls, and protecting scarce freshwater supplies. This priority outcome area was added to the Kiribati-Australia Partnership for Development agreement in 2012.

Read the Kiribati Implementation Schedule for Infrastructure

Read the Report on the Information Technology in Kiribati Strategic Plan

Related initiatives

Projects facilitated through the Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility

$20.7 million, 2011-2016

Australia’s support for economic infrastructure in Kiribati is provided in cooperation with other development partners through the Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility (PRIF). PRIF provides the framework for Development Partners to support the Government of Kiribati (GoK) to address its most pressing economic infrastructure issues. The Facility is a long-term initiative which commenced in 2008 and involves the Asian Development Bank, Australia, the European Commission, NZMFAT and the World Bank.

Through the PRIF mechanism, Australia supports:

  • South Tarawa Sanitation Improvement Sector Project (led by Asian Development Bank)
  • Road Rehabilitation Project (led by World Bank and Asian Development Bank)
  • Assistance on Telecoms Policy and Regulations (led by World Bank)
  • Kiribati grid connected solar project (led by World Bank).
Related links

Workforce skills development in Kiribati

Overview

Australia is helping Kiribati improve productivity and employability by providing opportunities for young I-Kiribati women and men to develop workforce skills in demand in domestic and international labour markets. Australian aid is improving the standards of technical and vocational education and training, so that more I-Kiribati gain qualifications that are internationally recognized and valued. This will help I-Kiribati get jobs at home and overseas.

Australia also supports access to training and employment opportunities in the region through the Australia Awards scholarship program and through assistance to the Australia-Pacific Technical College. In addition, the Pacific Seasonal Worker Program provides I-Kiribati people with short-term jobs in Australia. This allows workers to build their skills and send money back home to support their families.

Read the Kiribati implementation schedule for workforce skills development

Related initiatives

Kiribati Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector Strengthening Program

$20.7 million, 2011-16

The Kiribati Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector Strengthening Program (TVETSSP) is working with the Kiribati Institute of Technology (KIT) to expand and improve the quality of training and assessment, and underwrites KIT’s ability to issue qualifications recognised under the Australian Qualifications framework.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Kiribati TVET Program Design Document 2010 Design document
Kiribati TVET Phase 1 Annual Performance Assessment 2012 Performance assessment

Related links

Last reviewed: 16 December, 2014