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Republic of Palau

 
 

heading foldHow we are helping

2013/14 Estimated Outcome

$4.1 million

2014/15 Budget Estimate

$4.4 million

 

Australia and the Republic of Palau enjoy a close bilateral relationship supported by shared regional interests, particularly ensuring maritime and transnational security, tourism development and the protection of Palau’s pristine marine environment, a common interest in supporting economic and human development.

Palau’s prospects for long term economic growth are strongly linked to its growing tourism sector, private sector development and careful management of its marine environment. Australian aid to Palau will focus on helping Palau clear large amounts of unexploded ordnance (UXO) from World War II to improve public safety and reduce risks that UXOs present to the country’s people and tourism industry. Australia is the lead donor working in this area in Palau. Australia will also continue to provide much-valued technical assistance to help Palau strengthen its productive capacity through improvements to the education curriculum and health services.

Archived details of expenditure for this program for 2013–14 can be found here.

Archived details of expenditure for DFAT’s aid program, following the Government’s announcement on 18 January 2014 to revise the aid budget, can be found here.

Health

Recent results

  • Australian support to the Ministry of Health in 2011 helped to develop a workforce plan, identifying areas of staffing weaknesses and training needs.

Commitments 2013–14

  • An Australian adviser will help to finalise and implement a human resource development plan for Palau’s health sector, resulting in an increased number of qualified staff.

Education

Recent results

  • In 2010, Australia contributed to the building of a new Tourism and Hospitality School at the Palau Community College.
  • An Australian-funded adviser working with the Palau Community College updated the teaching course with a best-practice English as a Second Language curriculum. This has helped result in a higher standard of education in Palau as graduating teachers will be better qualified.

Commitments 2013–14

  • Australia will continue to build the capacity of the Palau Community College by providing technical assistance and Australian Volunteers.

Humanitarian

Recent results

  • In 2011, an Australian grant assisted in clearing unexploded war ordnance in the island of Peleliu. Over 11,000 items of explosive remnants of war, weighing 35,000 kg, were removed from Palau. This has reduced the threat to the local community and allowed activities such as the jungle trail for tourists to be extended.

Commitments 2013–14

  • Australia has scaled up its commitment to the clearance of unexploded war ordnance, with $1.35 million provided to support clearance activities across the country. Included in this funding is support for the establishment of a regional unexploded ordnance training facility. This facility will also benefit neighbouring Pacific island countries.

 

Research overview

Research funded by the Palau country program targets the country’s specific development challenges. Under the Palau-Australia Partnership for Development , Australia supports the clearance of unexploded ordnance – including landmines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants – around the islands of Palau.

 

Unexploded Ordnance Surveys (to be completed in 2013)

Cleared Ground Demining Palau team members at their storage facility in Peleliu, Palau.
Photo: Erin Magee / Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Since September 2009, the non-government organisation Cleared Ground Demining has been conducting a range of mine action activities such as risk awareness, survey, land and underwater clearance, and demolitions across Palau’s states.

In 2013, with the support of Australian Aid funding, the Cleared Ground Demining team will undertake extensive surveys throughout the western Palau states of Aimeliik, Ngatpang, Ngeremiengui, and Ngardmau. These states have been prioritised under these survey activities, as they were the scene of intensive bombardment throughout World War Two.

The team will conduct a door knock survey of every household in these states to ask for information on the known location of unexploded ordnance, whilst also reminding householders of the dangers they pose. The team will meet with community leaders such as Chiefs and women’s societies, and risk awareness pamphlets will be distributed to the community.

Underwater survey tasks will also be carried out in conservation areas, as well as heavily populated areas that are visited regularly for fishing or diving.

This support to Palau is part of Australia’s global efforts to reduce the threat and impact of landmines and other explosive remnants of war. Since 1997, Australia has provided more than $200 million in assistance, making it the sixth largest contributor to mine clearance efforts in the world.

Where is Palau?



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Country statistics

Population: 20,600

GDP growth (5 year average): 4.2%

Gross national income per capita, Atlas method (current USD$, 2010): USD$6,560

Human Development Index (2011): 49

Adult literacy rate (both sexes, % aged 15 and above): 91.9%

Adolescent fertility rate (women aged 15-19 years, births per 1,000 women): 13.8

Mortality rate of children under 5 (per 1,000): 15

Life expectancy at birth: 71.8

Expenditure on public health (% of GDP): 8.5

Sources: United Nations Development Programme, World Bank, Millennium Development Goals 2010 Report for Palau

 
 

heading foldWhy we give aid

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Many of Palau’s people cannot access opportunities or services such as high quality education and healthcare. The physical isolation of Palau’s islands along with the small size of the population present particular development challenges: transport and communication costs are high, and the skills base of the country is low. As a regional neighbour, Australia is well-placed to work closely with the Government of Palau and civil society organisations to improve the country’s development.

Find out more about why we give aid to Palau

 
 

heading foldHow we give aid

Through the Australia-Palau Partnership for Development the two countries work together to support Palau’s development in areas where help is needed the most. The Partnership commits Palau to provide sound laws, policies and public services for its citizens, and to effectively and transparently manage development resources. It commits Australia to increase our aid, give good technical advice and to work closely with Palau’s Government to deliver this assistance.

Find out more about how we give aid to the Republic of Palau

 
 

heading foldProgress Against MDGs

  • Eradicate extreme hunger & poverty
  • Achieve universal primary education
  • Promote gender equality and empower women
  • Reduce child mortality
  • Improve maternal health
  • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Ensure environmental sustainability
 
 

Last reviewed: 25 September, 2014