Research funded by our Tonga country program targets the country’s specific development challenges. Research is also carried out on a regional level. Some of the highlights are listed below.
Tonga National Population and Housing Census 2011
This document provides a detailed summary of the 2011 National Population and Housing Census.
Read the census report
Tonga School Grants Report 2010
This report provides the results of the evaluation of the Tonga School Grants Program, which saw a fourth grant payment made to schools in August 2010. A total of TOP1,088,068.43 (approximately AU$600,000) was distributed during this time to Government and non-Government primary schools, Government and non-Government middle schools, and secondary schools.
The School Grants Program supports the equitable delivery of services and resources to primary and secondary schools in Tonga, aiming to improve the quality of education for Tongan students. The program was trialled in 2007 in all eligible schools, and after a successful pilot, was continued in 2008, 2009 and 2010.
In 2010, there were a total of 150 participating schools, one down from previous years as a secondary school had been closed down. Grants were used for a variety of purposes, including purchasing texts and resources for a wide variety of subjects, basic teacher equipment, pens and exercise books for students, chart paper, computers, laminators, printers and copiers, musical instruments and sports equipment, as well as providing repairs to floor coverings, toilets, windows, doors, and roofing.
The report evaluates the successes and challenges of the program’s processes. Lessons learned and key achievements are explored, and a list of recommendations for future programs is provided.
Read the Tonga School Grants Report
Australia’s Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme: Development Impacts in the First Two Years (2011)
Australia launched the Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme in August 2008. The program was designed to alleviate labour shortages for the Australian horticultural industry by providing opportunities for workers from Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, and Vanuatu to undertake seasonal work. This paper presents an analysis of the development impacts of this program in the first two years, and compares them to those from New Zealand’s seasonal worker program in the same countries.
The research examines Pacific seasonal workers’ employment experience, remittances, and training to determine how effective a seasonal worker program is in contributing to economic development in home countries.
In addition to providing an initial assessment of development impact, this research project develops a base line for future evaluation and analysis.
Read the Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme report [PDF 663kb] (external website)
Benchmarking Entrepreneurial Behaviour in the Pacific (2009)
The research outlines policy recommendations that are aimed at providing specific guidance to the Tongan Government, related agencies, external donors and the private sector. They can be used from both policy and programming perspectives to promote positive entrepreneurial behaviour in Tonga.
The report focuses on key policy areas, identified by Tonga’s population and national experts, that have constrained entrepreneurship and become a negative influence on economic development. Recommendations are made with the intention of supporting Tonga’s national vision and objectives, as set out in National Strategic Planning Framework (draft), 2009.
The research was conducted by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) and addresses:
- differences in the level of early stage entrepreneurial activity between countries
- factors determining the levels of entrepreneurial activity
- policies that may enhance the level of entrepreneurial activity.
More about this research (external website):
Volume One: Policy Recommendations [PDF 192kb]
Volume Two: Adult Population Survey [PDF 752kb]
Volume Three: National Experts Survey and Qualitative Results [PDF 322kb]
Women in Business in Tonga (2008)
This report assesses the constraints and opportunities that exist for women in Tonga within the market, the economy, and the business environment, in line with the World Bank’s Doing Business indicators.
Tonga’s then Strategic Development Plan acknowledges women as a vulnerable group. The 2001 National Policy on Gender and Development includes a focus on women in the economy. Yet Tonga is not party to the Convention of the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Despite lobbying from women’s groups, the country has yet to ratify it.
Women’s groups note that gender issues are marginalised in important consultations and their concerns are unable to compete with other national priorities. The Office of Women and local non-government organisations have been struggling to get support for key reforms or to obtain funding for their activities.
Read the report [PDF 170kb]