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Demographic and development statistics for Nepal


Population 26.6 million
Average annual population growth 1.8 per cent
Projected population in 2050 46 million
Capital Kathmandu
Human Development Index (2011) 157 of 187


Source: UN Human Development Indicators, except where noted)

Life expectancy at birth 68
Prevalence of undernourishment in total population 38 per cent
Expenditure on public health (per cent of GDP) 2 per cent
Under-5 mortality (per 1,000 live births) 54
Maternal mortality per 100,000 live births 229


Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) 3.2 years
Adult literacy rate (both sexes, per cent aged 15 and above) 59 per cent
Net enrolment ratio in primary education (Flash I report 2067-2010/011, Government of Nepal) 95 per cent
Public expenditure on education (per cent of GDP) 4.6 per cent
Internet users (indexmundi 2010) 2,031,245
Expected years of schooling (children) 8.8 years


GDP per capita (PPP terms (constant 2005 international $)) 1049
GNI per capita, Atlas method (WB devdata, 2009) 440
GDP growth (annual per cent, 2009) (WB devdata) 4.7 per cent
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received $32,399,440
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received (per cent of GDP) (2009) 23.15 per cent
Population below US$1.25 per day poverty line (indexmundi) 55 per cent


Adolescent fertility rate (women aged 15-19 years, births per 1,000 women) 103
Share in parliament, female-male ratio 0.33


Carbon dioxide emissions per capita 0.1 tonnes
Adjusted net savings (per cent of GNI) 29 per cent


Last reviewed: 1 November, 2013