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Sri Lanka


Demographic and development statistics for Sri Lanka


Population 20.9 million
Average annual population growth 1 per cent
Projected population in 2050 23.2 million
Capital Columbo
Human Development Index (2011) 97 of 187


Source: UN Human Development Indicators, except where noted)

Life expectancy at birth 74.9
Prevalence of undernourishment in total population (World Bank Development Indicators, 2008) 20 per cent
Expenditure on public health (per cent of GDP) 2 per cent
Under-5 mortality (per 1,000 live births) 15
Maternal mortality per 100,000 live births (World Bank Development Indicators, 2008) 39


Source: World Bank Development Indicators, except where noted)

Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) 8.2 years
Adult literacy rate (both sexes, per cent aged 15 and above) 90.6 per cent
Net enrolment ratio in primary education 94 per cent
Public expenditure on education (per cent of GDP) 2.6 per cent
Internet users 2,503,194
Expected years of schooling (children) 12.7 years


GDP per capita (PPP) (IMF World Economic Outlook Database, September 2011) US$5,609
GNI per capita, Atlas method US$2,240
GDP growth (annual per cent, 2010) 8 per cent
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received US$4,155,200,195
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received (per cent of GDP) 8.4 per cent
Population below US$1.25 per day poverty line  1.5 million (7 per cent)


Adolescent fertility rate (women aged 15-19 years, births per 1,000 women) 23
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament 6 per cent


Carbon dioxide emissions per capita 0.6
Adjusted net savings (per cent of GNI) 16.4 per cent


Last reviewed: 1 November, 2013